Submitted by: Tamizh Selvan
Yes, as you read. There is an animal on Earth that has the answer to one of the secrets more wanted by the science for many years: how to remain young forever and even How to be immortal. She is the Turritopsis nutricola, a kind of medusa originated in the Caribbean.
Although it is sufficiently demonstrated the importance of the death for the continuity of the life and the evolution of the agencies on the planet, this animal has found a way to circumvent your natural death through a physiological process of you discuss below.
The Medusa immortal
The Turritopsis nutricola is a tiny medusa Oceanidae family that is barely half a centimeter in length. Although it is a species originally Caribbean, today you can find in all the oceans of the world, both in tropical waters as temperate, due to a slow but progressive and irreversible colonization provided by the marine traffic of the large vessels, that downloaded the ballast water in their tanks by all seas, thus moving it and a multitude of other potentially invasive species, such as Lion Fish.
What makes immortal this jellyfish?
This small Medusa is able to maintain its eternal youth thanks to a mechanism with which is able to modify its cells once that have already been differentiated, making them return to their initial state, which had before their specialization. This phenomenon is known as transdifferentiation, that is the same that occurs when a body concerned regenerates their tissues, but that in this medusa goes to extreme unique, because it can regenerate completely again and again, apparently so infinite.
Thus, when certain adverse conditions or the own senescence or aging indicate, there is a scheduled deterioration of the adult structures of the Medusa in such a way that the lead to again be a polyp, its initial juvenile stage that, after a metamorphosis, makes to elicit new and young jellyfish free life. It would be the equivalent of a butterfly back to the phase of track again and resume to transform itself into a butterfly in an endless cycle.
Scientists have carried out numerous tests in the laboratory and have checked that the “new individuals” adults that have matured, returned to the youth and matured again in several occasions, not lost even the slightest of their physiological and adaptive capabilities, so that concluded that the death of organic Turritopsis nutricola does not occur ever, and only would cease to exist an individual victim of a fatal disease or some predator.
This mechanism is still seriously investigated in the present with the aim to decrypt its molecular bases, which would have a great potential in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and regenerative creams much more efficient, not only with an aesthetic sense, but also to fight diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer’s, among many others.
Curious strategy of rejuvenation of this small jellyfish right? If you would like to know other curious things about jellyfish?
About the Author: I’m a enthusiastic person who like to research about how to become immortal and elixir of immortality.